What is the Cultural Revolution?
Chinese Cultural Revolution
The period of the Cultural Revolution, which lasted from 1966 until 1977, was one of the most difficult in Chinese history. China’s leader, Mao Zedong, had led a revolution that brought a form of government called Communism to the country in 1949. He launched the Cultural Revolution in order to maintain that system.
Source: "Cultural Revolution." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 16 Jan. 2015. <http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/353025>.
In August 1966, Mao Tse-Tung launched the Cultural Revolution. He encouraged the creation of “Red Guards” to punish party members and others who were harboring counter-revolutionary tendencies. In the decade that followed, China was turned upside down as millions of Chinese youth attacked traditional standard bearers of power and authority – among them party leaders, teachers, and family members.